Welcome to the official website for the Columbus, Georgia Judicial System. Within this website you will find information about the different types of courts, the cases they handle, and their locations. You will also find information about the judges that preside over the various courts.
The Juvenile Court has jurisdiction over cases involving children under the age of 17 who are alleged to be unruly, delinquent, deprived, in need of treatment (i.e. mentally or emotionally handicapped), or who are alleged to have committed a traffic offense. Learn more about Juvenile Court.
The Juvenile Drug Court Program is a voluntary program for juveniles charged with drug-related non-violent crimes. The Drug Court encourages juvenile offenders to live drug-free lives and become law-abiding citizens. Learn more about Drug Court.
Magistrate Court is Georgia’s small claims court and has the same jurisdictional authority as the other courts. The court’s jurisdictional limit is $15,000. Claims are filed with the Clerk of Magistrate Court and served by the Sheriff of Muscogee County. Magistrate Court does not have jury trials. Cases are heard by the Magistrate only. Click here to visit the Magistrate Court’s website .
In criminal cases, the Municipal Court acts as a committal court only, except it may accept guilty pleas and impose sentence in certain cases. In cases resulting from the violation of state statutes in which the defendant does not plead guilty, the court determines if there is sufficient evidence to warrant committing the case to the Superior Court or State Court for trial. Learn more about Municipal Court.
Muscogee County Probate Court exercises exclusive, original jurisdiction in the probate of wills, administration of estates, appointment of guardians (minor and adult) and involuntary in-patient and out-patient psychiatric commitments of individuals with severe mental illness. Among other things, the Probate Court also gives oaths of office to elected officials and issues marriage licenses, weapons carry licenses, residency verifications, and public fireworks display permits. Learn more about Probate Court.
Recorder’s Court hears traffic, criminal and city ordinance cases made by the Columbus Police Department, Special Enforcement, Airport Police, Housing Authority, Metro Narcotic Task Force, Fire Department and the Georgia State Patrol. Learn more about Recorder’s Court.
The State Court tries both civil and criminal cases with a jury composed of up to twelve persons. Criminal cases tried in this court are limited to misdemeanors and appeals from lower courts by the State Constitution. Click here to visit the State Court’s website .
The Superior Courts are presided over by six judges, elected by the voters of the six counties that make up the Chattahoochee Judicial Circuit. Felony cases, divorce and alimony, child custody, equity cases and cases involving land titles must be tried in the Superior Courts. Learn more about Superior Courts.
All courts, except Recorder’s Court, are located in the Government Center.
100 10th Street
Columbus, GA 31901
702 10th Street
Columbus, GA 31901